Enhancing Students' Reading Comprehension Skills through the RADEC Model: A Focus on Elementary Education

Fatimah Fatimah, Darmansyah Darmansyah, Marlina Marlina, Melva Zaini

Abstract


This study proposes the utilization of the RADEC (Read, Answer, Discuss, Explain, Create) learning model, a structured approach that incorporates independent reading, collaborative discussions, peer explanations, and creative activities, as an intervention to enhance reading comprehension skills. Its objective is to investigate the impact of the RADEC learning model on the enhancement of reading abilities among fourth-grade students learning Indonesian. This study employs a non-equivalent post-test only control group design, with the experimental class using the RADEC model and the control class employing conventional teaching methods. The study included all 78 fourth-grade students from SDN 20 Kurao Pagang, divided into two classes. Random sampling yielded 22 participants in the experimental group and 23 in the control group. Data collection was conducted using evaluation tests, and the average reading comprehension scores were 82.72 for the experimental class and 63.58 for the control group. Data analysis began with initial assessments, including normality and homogeneity tests, followed by hypothesis testing using the t-test. Findings revealed a noteworthy enhancement in reading comprehension scores within the experimental group in contrast to the control group, as evidenced by a significance value of (0.00<0.05), indicating a statistically significant difference between the two groups. The results of this study highlight the potential of the RADEC learning model as an innovative solution for increasing students' reading interest and reading comprehension skills at the basic education level. These findings inform curriculum development, teacher training programs, and educational policies in Indonesia to enhance reading comprehension outcomes.

Keywords


Indonesian; Reading Comprehension Ability; RADEC

References


Abidin, Y., Mulyati, T., & Yunansah, H. (2015). Pembelajaran literasi dalam konteks pendidikanmultiliterasi, integratif, dan berdiferensiasi. Rizqi Press.

Adevita, Marga, & Widodo. (2021). Peran Orang Tua Pada Motivasi Belajar Anak Dalam Pembelajaran Daring Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah.

Aldona, R., Pratiwi, C. P., & Tryanasar, D. (2023). Meningkatkan Keterampilan MembacaPemahaman Peserta Didik Kelas V SekolahDasar (Sd) Dengan Menggunakan Model Pembelajaran Radec (Read, Answer, Discuss,Explain, Create). Seminar Nasional Sosial Sains, Pendidikan, Humaniora (SENASSDRA), 2(2), 333–339. http://prosiding.unipma.ac.id/index.php/SENASSDRA

Alexander, K. P., DePalma, M. J., & Ringer, J. M. (2016). Adaptive Remediation and the Facilitation of Transfer in Multiliteracy Center Contexts. Computers and Composition, 41, 32–45.

Cahyarani, D. R., & Tirtoni, F. (2023). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran RADEC Dalam Membentuk Karakter Bernalar Kritis Siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri Wonomlati. Pendas : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar, 08(September), 2795–2809.

Dalman, H. (2014). Keterampilan Menulis. Rajawali Pers.

Fadhil, K. (2018). Pengaruh Model Radec terhadap Membaca Pemahaman pada Siswa Kelas IV SDN Ballewe Kecamatan Balusu Kabupaten Barru. In Journal of Controlled Release. Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar.

Handayani, H., Sopandi, W., Syaodih, E., Setiawan, D., & Suhendra, I. (2019a). Dampak Perlakuan Model Pembelajaran Radec Bagi Calon Guru Terhadap Kemampuan Merencanakan Pembelajaran Di Sekolah Dasar. Pendas : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar, IV, 79–93. https://doi.org/10.23969/jp.v4i1.1857

Handayani, H., Sopandi, W., Syaodih, E., Setiawan, D., & Suhendra, I. (2019b). Dampak Perlakuan Model Pembelajaran Radec Bagi Calon Guru Terhadap Kemampuan Merencanakan Pembelajaran Di Sekolah Dasar. Pendas : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar, IV(1), 79–93.

Hasnan, S. M., Rusdinal, R., & Fitria, Y. (2020). Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Discovery Learning Dan Motivasi Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4.(2), 239–249.

Huda, M. (2013). Model-model Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran. Pustaka Pelajar.

Isfihananti, A. R. (2016). Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Pada Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri Gugus Dieng Kecamatan Bulu Kabupaten Temanggung. Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Iwanda, C. N. S. (2023). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Radec Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam Siswa MTS Pembangunan UIN Jakarta. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Kholiq, A., & Luthfiyati, D. (2020). Tingkat Membaca Pemahaman Siswa Sma Kabupaten Lamongan. KREDO : Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa Dan Sastra, 4(1), 17–32.

Lestari, H., Ali, M., Sopandi, W., & Wulan, A. R. (2021). Infusion of Environment Dimension of ESD into Science Learning Through the RADEC Learning Model in Elementary Schools. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 7, 205–212.

Lestari, H., Ali, M., Sopandi, W., Wulan, A. R., & Rahmawati, I. (2022). The Impact of the RADEC Learning Model Oriented ESD on Students’ Sustainability Consciousness in Elementary School. Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi, 12(2), 113–122. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.02.11

Lestari, H., Sopandi, W., Sa’ud, U. S., Maftuh, B., Budimansyah, D., & Sukardi, R. R. (2021). Radec Learning To The Elementary School Teachers ’ Competence In Training Students ’ Critical Thinking Skills : A Case Study During Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 10(3), 346–356.

Lukmanudin. (2018). Penguasaan Konsep IPA dan Kemampuan Menjelaskan Fenomena Perpindahan Zat Pencemar Melalui Pembelajaran RADEC. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Mudrikah, S. (2022). Inovasi Pembelajaran Abad 21. Penerbit Pradina Pustaka.

Mulasari, M. R., Wulandari, I. G. A. A., & Putra, M. (2020). Model Pembelajaran Means Ends Analysis Terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika Siswa SD. Jurnal Pedagogi Dan Pembelajaran, 3(3), 358–366. https://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JP2/article/view/25812

Musingafi, C., & Muranda, E. (2014). Students and Questioning: A Review of the Role Played By Students Generated Questions in the Teaching and Learning Process. Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(3), 101–107.

Nuramalia, Salam, R., & Pagrra, H. (2023). Pengaruh Model Radec Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Siswa Kelas IV SD Inpres Unggulan Toddopuli. Jurnal Inovasi Pedagogi & Teknologi, 1(1), 14–22. http://www.jurnal.arthamaramedia.co.id/index.php/jiptek

Pratama, Y., et al. (2020). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran RADEC Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa Sekolah Dasar. JINoP (Jurnal Inovasi Pembelajaran), 6(2), 191–203.

Pratama, A. (2022). Strategi Pembelajaran Berdiferensiasi Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Literasi Membaca Pemahaman Siswa. Jurnal Didaktika Pendidikan Dasar, 6(2), 605–626.

Pratama, Y. (2019). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran RADEC danInkuiri Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Mahasiswa PGSD Pada Perkuliahan IPA. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Pratama, Y. A., Sopandi, W., Hidayah, Y., & Trihatusti, M. (2020). Pengaruh model pembelajaran RADEC terhadap keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa sekolah dasar. JINoP (Jurnal Inovasi Pembelajaran), 6(2), 191–203. https://doi.org/10.22219/jinop.v6i2.12653

Sakinah, W. P., & Ibrahim, N. (2023). Pengaruh Metode Sq3R Terhadap Keterampilan Membaca Pemahaman Siswa Kelas Iv Di Sekolah Dasar Else. ELSE (Elementary School Education Journal) This, 7(1), 38–45.

Santoso & Sunata. (2022). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Fishbone Diagram Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Siswa Sekolah Dasar.

Somadayo, S. (2011). Strategi dan Teknik Pembelajaran Membaca. Graha Ilmu.

Sopandi, D. (2019). Sosialisasiٍّ danٍّ Workshopٍّ Implementasiٍّ Modelٍّ Pembelajaran RADEC Bagi Guru-Guru Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah [Dissemination and Implementation Workshop of RADEC Learning Models for Primary and Secondary Education Teachers]. Pedagogia: Jurnal.

Sopandi, W. (2017). The quality improvement of learning processes and achievements through the read-answer-discussexplain-and create learning model implementation. Proceeding 8th Pedagogy International Seminar 2017: Enhancement of Pedagogy in Cultural Toward Excellence in Education, 129–132.

Sopandi, W. (2019). Sosialisasi dan Workshop Implementasi Model Pembelajaran RADEC Bagi Guru-Guru Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah. Pedagogia : Jurnal Pendidikan, 8(1), 19–34. https://doi.org/10.21070/pedagogia.v8i1.1853

Triwiyanto, T. (2014). Pengantar Pendidikan. PT Bumi Aksara.

Widasari, M. U. (2017). Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Siswa Melalui Metode PQ4R Pada Pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Di Kelas Iv Mi Islamiyah Sumberrejo Batanghari Lampung Timur Tahun Pelajaran 2016/2017. Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Metro.

Zan, A. (2019). Penerapan Strategi Sq4R Dalam Meningkatkan Keterampilan Membaca Pemahaman. Jurnal Muara Pendidikan, 4(1), 246–257.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35445/alishlah.v16i2.5224

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Fatimah Fatimah, Darmansyah Darmansyah, Marlina Marlina, Melva Zaini

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by:

    

 


 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.