Teacher Experience to Employ Technological Pedagogical Knowledge in Teaching English: An Autobiographical Narrative

Rahmadilla Kurniasari, Diah Kristina, Sumardi Sumardi


Previous studies have discussed TPACK's constructions in the last decade, which focus on teacher professional development, survey TPACK’s (Technology, Pedagogy, and Content Knowledge) enactment, experimental, and teacher TPACK’s profile. A few studies are focused on the subdomains of TPACK, TPK (Technological Pedagogical Knowledge), which discusses how teachers' experiences practice TPK. It has become a new scope of exploration in Indonesia. The present study aims to narrate my meaningful story by employing technological and pedagogical in teaching English to Vocational High Schools. It will focus on how I practice TPK as a novice teacher in Indonesia's private Vocational High School. The data was collected through my teaching diary and supported with students' artifacts. This research is grounded in an autobiographical narrative, which explores the meaningful story of the narrator. The finding of this study reveals that the researcher, as a novice teacher, can employ TPK in teaching English by joining professional teacher development and self-awareness to make innovations in using technology and provide different learning activities using technologies. The present study might bring future research contributions for preparing TPK, reflecting TPK, and evaluating TPK in teaching English for Foreign Language (EFL).


Autobiographical Narrative; Technological Pedagogical Knowledge; Teacher’s reflection

Full Text:



Abu-Hardan, Firas, Dina A. H. Al-Jamal, and Imad Tawfiq Sa’Di. (2019). TPACK: Time to Be Considered in Teaching Reading. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18, 68–95. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.18.6.5

Baier, Franziska, and Mareike Kunter. (2020). Construction and Validation of a Test to Assess (Pre-Service) Teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK). Studies in Educational Evaluation 67, 100936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2020.100936

Barkhuizen, Gary, Phil Benson, & Alice Chik. (2014). Narrative Inquiry in Language Teaching and Learning Research. 1st ed. edited by G. Barkhuizen, P. Benson, and A. Chik. New York: Routledge.

Braun, V., & Victoria Clarke. (2006). Qualitative Research in Psychology Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Benson, Susan N., and Cheryl L. Ward. (2013). Teaching with Technology: Using TPACK to Understand Teaching Expertise in Online Higher Education. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 48, 153-172. https://10.2190/EC.48.2.c

Chai, Ching Sing, Joyce Hwee Ling Koh, Chin Chung Tsai, & Lynde Lee Wee Tan. (2011). Modeling Primary School Pre-Service Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) for Meaningful Learning with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Computers and Education, 57, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/09588221.2020.1868531

Drajati, Nur Arifah, Hilda Rakerda, Hefy Sulistyawati, Joko Nurkamto, and Ma’rifatul Ilmi. (2021). Investigating the Adoption of TPACK-21CL by English Pre-Service Teachers in a COVID-19 Teaching Practicum. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11, 124-133. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v11i1.34625

Drajati, Nur Arifah, Lynde Tan, Sri Haryati, Dewi Rochsantiningsih, and Hasan Zainnuri. (2018). Investigating English Language Teachers in Developing TPACK and Multimodal Literacy. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7, 575-582. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v11i1.34625

Ersanli, Ceylan Yangin. (2016). Improving Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) of Pre-Service English Language Teachers. International Education Studies, 9, 18-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n5p18

Harris, Judith B., and Mark J. Hofer. (2011). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) in Action: A Descriptive Study of Secondary Teachers. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 43, 211-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2011.10782570

Koh, Joyce Hwee Ling, Ching Sing Chai, and Wei Ying Lim. (2017). Teacher Professional Development for TPACK-21CL: Effects on Teacher ICT Integration and Student Outcomes. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 55, 1-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2011.10782570

Koehler, M. J., & Punya Mishra. (2005). What Happens When Teachers Design Educational Technology? The Development of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32, 131-152. https://doi.org/10.2190/0EW7-01WB-BKHL-QDYV

Mouza, Chrystalla, and Rachel Karchmer-Klein. (2014). Promoting and Assessing Pre-Service Teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) in the Context of Case Development.

Journal of Education Computing Reearch, 48, 206-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.09.020

Mulyadi, Dodi, Testiana Deni Wijayatingsih, Riana Eka Budiastuti, Muhimatul Ifadah, and Siti Aimah. (2020). Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge of ESP Teachers in Blended Learning Format. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15, 126–139. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i06.11490

Polkinghorne, D.E. (1988). Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Schmidt, D. A., Evrim Baran, A. D. Thompson, Punya Mishra, Matthew J. Koehler, & Tae S. Shin. (2009). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (Track): The Development and Validation of an Assessment Instrument for Pre-service Teachers. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42, 123–149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2009.10782544

Shulman, L. (1986). Those who understand: Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational Researcher, 15, 4-14. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X015002004

Riessman, C.K. (1993). Narrative Analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Tseng, Jun Jie, Yuh Show Cheng, and Hsi Nan Yeh. (2019). How Pre-Service English Teachers Enact TPACK in the Context of Web-Conferencing Teaching: A Design Thinking Approach. Computers and Education, 128, 171–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2018.09.022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.35445/alishlah.v16i2.4823


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Rahmadilla Kurniasari, Diah Kristina, Sumardi Sumardi

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by:




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.