Analysis of Career Potential Based on Holland's Theory to Prepare Graduates among Students with Intellectual Disabilities

Peby Tri Hartati, Hermanto Hermanto

Abstract


Students with intellectual disabilities often encounter significant challenges as they prepare for post-graduation careers. Recognizing the importance of aligning career paths with individual interests and abilities, SLB Negeri 1 Yogyakarta serves as a pivotal institution in vocational education for these students. This research employs case studies to delve into the ways vocational education programs can enhance career readiness among intellectually disabled students, using interest and talent assessments based on Holland’s theory. The study involves 28 students at the SMALB level, a guidance counselor, 10 vocational instructors, and 8 parents, employing methods such as semi-structured interviews, participatory observations, and documentation analysis. Findings indicate a significant correlation between Holland's personality types and the career interests of students, with realistic, conventional, and artistic types prevailing. Moreover, career guidance grounded in Holland's theory at SLB Negeri 1 Yogyakarta effectively nurtures vocational skills that resonate with the students’ talents and capabilities, supporting their potential career trajectories.

Keywords


career potential; Holland Theory; Preparing graduates; Intellectual Disabilities

References


Akhyar, T. (2020). Layanan Bimbingan Kelompok Bidang Karir Bagi Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (Tunagrahita Ringan) Di Slb Negeri Kandangan. Jurnal Inovasi Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 2(1), 43–47. https://doi.org/10.30872/ibk.v2i1.649

Asri, R., Yusuf, A. M., & Afdal, A. (2021). Peningkatan Kematangan Karir Siswa Dengan Teori Holland. SCHOULID: Indonesian Journal of School Counseling, 6(2), 121–132.

Azwar, S. (2017). Metode penelitian psikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bensu, P. (2015). Bimbingan Karir untuk Mempersiapkan Anak Tunagrahita Memasuki Dunia Kerja. PSIKOLOGI KONSELING, 6(2), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.24114/konseling.v7i2.5108

Chen, H., Liu, F., Wen, Y., Ling, L., Chen, S., Ling, H., & Gu, X. (2021). Career Exploration of High School Students: Status Quo, Challenges, and Coping Model. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(September), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.672303

Creswell, J. (2015). Riset pendidikan: Perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan evaluasi riset kualitatif & kuantitatif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

D’Aniello, G., Gaeta, A., Gaeta, M., & Tomasiello, S. (2018). Self-regulated learning with approximate reasoning and situation awareness. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 9(1), 151–164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12652-016-0423-y

Fikriyani, D. N., & Herdi. (2021). PERENCANAAN PROGRAM BIMBINGAN KARIR DALAMNegeri Jakarta , Indonesia. Jurnal Edukasi Bimbingan Konseling, 7(1), 1–14.

Fitriani, Hastiani, Sulistiawan, H., & Yusril. (2023). Profil Orientasi Karir Siswa Sd Terhadap Cita – Cita. Jurnal Spirit, 13(2), 43–52.

Foutch, H., McHugh, E. R., Bertoch, S. C., & Reardon, R. C. (2014). Creating and Using a Database on Holland’s Theory and Practical Tools. Journal of Career Assessment, 22(1), 188–202. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072713492947

Ghergut, A. (2014). Aspects Related to the Educational and Vocational Guidance of Intellectually Impaired Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 116–120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.669

Hurtado Rúa, S. M., Stead, G. B., & Poklar, A. E. (2019). Five-Factor Personality Traits and RIASEC Interest Types: A Multivariate Meta-Analysis. Journal of Career Assessment, 27(3), 527–543. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072718780447

Jofipasi, R. A., & Purwanta, E. (2019). Needs Analysis for the Development of Career Choice Assessment Instruments for Intellectual Disability Students in Extraordinary High Schools. 296(Icsie 2018), 93–97. https://doi.org/10.2991/icsie-18.2019.18

Kepmenristekdikti No. 262 tahun 2022 Tentang Perubahan Atas Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi Nomor 56/M/2022 Tentang Pedoman Penerapan Kurikulum dalam Rangka Pemulihan Pembelajaran.

Kirono, R. (2013). Model Manajemen Pendidikan Keterampilan Di SMALB untuk persenjataan Anak Tunagrahita Ringan Memasuki Dunia Kerja. Yogyakarta: Seminar Pendidikan APPKhI DIY.

Marciniak, J., Hirschi, A., Johnston, C. S., & Haenggli, M. (2021). Measuring Career Preparedness Among Adolescents: Development and Validation of the Career Resources Questionnaire—Adolescent Version. Journal of Career Assessment, 29(1), 164–180. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072720943838

McKay, D. A., & Tokar, D. M. (2012). The HEXACO and five-factor models of personality in relation to RIASEC vocational interests. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 138–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.05.006

McMahon, M., & Cuskelly, M. (2020). Career development of students with intellectual disability: A systems theory perspective. Careers for Students with Special Educational Needs: Perspectives on Development and Transitions from the Asia-Pacific Region.

Nota, L., Ginevra, M. C., & Carrieri, L. (2010). Career Interests and Self-Efficacy Beliefs Among Young Adults With an Intellectual Disability. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 7(4), 250–260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-1130.2010.00274.x

Patton, W., & McMahon, M. (2014). Career development learning in school systems. In Career development and systems theory: Connecting theory and practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-635-6 12

Permendiknas No 39 Tahun 2008. Tentang Pembinaan Kesiswaan.

Pristiwaluyo, T. (2017). Developing Vocational Skills for Children of Intellectual Disabilities. (May). https://doi.org/10.2991/icset-17.2017.84

Putri, R. D., & Sari, S. P. (2018). Implementation of John Holland’S Career Theory in Guidance and Counseling. ENLIGHTEN (Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling Islam), 1(2), 126–132. https://doi.org/10.32505/enlighten.v1i2.768

Shidiq, A. F., & Raharjo, S. T. (2018). Peran Pendidikan Karakter Di Masa Remaja Sebagai Pencegahan Kenakalan Remaja. Prosiding Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 5(2), 176. https://doi.org/10.24198/jppm.v5i2.18369

van Niekerk, M. (2007). A career exploration programme for learners with special educational needs. Work, 29(1), 19–24.

Wehmeyer, M., & Webb, K. (2012). Handbook of Adolecent Transition Education for Youth with Disabilities. New York and London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Wille, B., & De Fruyt, F. (2014). Vocations as a source of identity: Reciprocal relations between big five personality traits and RIASEC characteristics over 15 years. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(2), 262–281. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034917

Xu, H. (2020). Career Indecision Profile–Short: Reliability and Validity Among Employees and Measurement Invariance Across Students and Employees. Journal of Career Assessment, 28(1), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072719831975

Zuyeva, T. V., & Nyssanov, A. T. (2022). Career guidance of adolescents in their sociocultural development and modern technologies. Psychologie Francaise, 67(1), 31–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2021.03.002




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35445/alishlah.v16i2.4558

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Peby Tri Hartati

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by:

    

 


 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.