Zulfia Siskawati


Penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa ada perbedaan kemampuan berbicara siswa antara kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan nilai sig. (2 tailed) adalah 0,000. Itu lebih kecil dari 0,05. Ini berarti bahwa penggunaan strategi Alternatives to Questions memiliki dampak yang signifikan terhadap kemampuan berbicara siswa. Selain itu, ditemukan juga bahwa ada perbedaan efikasi diri siswa antara kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari nilai sig. (2 tailed) adalah 0,000. Itu lebih kecil dari 0,05. itu menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan strategi Alternatives to Questions memiliki dampak yang signifikan terhadap efikasi diri siswa. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan strategi Alternatives to Questions memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kemampuan berbicara siswa dan efikasi diri siswa kelas 11 MA Terpadu Duri


Alternatives to Questions strategy, speaking ability and self-efficacy

Full Text:



Alexander, Martha E. et all. 2010. Using the Four-Questions Technique to Enhance Critical Thinking in Online Discussions. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vol. 6, No. 2,

Bandura, A. (1989). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Education Psychology, 28(2),

Brown, Doughlas. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive approach to Language Pedadgogy. New York: Longman.

Brown, Doughlas. 2003. Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Longman

Brown, Gillian and Yule, George. 1999. Teaching the spoken Language. Cambridge University Press.

Bury, James. Encouraging More Student Output: Alternatives to Questions. Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research. Volume 3 Issue 1

Cresswell, John W. 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Dashwood, Ann. 2005. Alternatives to Questioning: Teacher Role in Classroom Discussion. The Asian EFL Journal Quarterly, Vol.7, 144-165.

Dietz-Uhler, B. & Lanter, J.R. (2009). Using the Four-Questions Technique to Enhance Learning. Teaching of Psychology.

Dillon, J.T. 1983. Teaching and the Art of Questioning. Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation : Bloomington, Indiana.

Dodds,Jennifer.2011.The Correlation Between Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Language Performance, And Intergration Amongst Chinese Immigrant Newcomers

Edwards, A. D., & Westgate, D. P. G. (1994). Investigating classroom talk. London: Falmer Press.

Field, John. 2011. Routledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics.

Gay, L.R and Airasian, Peter. 2000. Educational Research: Competences For Analysis And Application. USA: Prentice Hall

Graham-Marr, A. (2004). Teaching skills for listening and speaking. Retrieved, from http://www Abax . Co. jp/downloads/ extension/ETJ 2004

Jafar Jabbari, Mohammad. 2014. The Effect of Learning Strategies on the

Hamzah, Mohd Hilmi. Teaching Speaking Skills Through Group Work Activities:A Case Study In Smk Damai Jaya

Harmer, Jeremy.1998. How to Teach English: An Introduction to the Practice of English Language Teaching. New York: Logman

Harmer, Jeremy. 1983. The Practice of English Language Teaching, London : Longman Group.

Harmer, J. 2001. The practice of English Language Teaching. Pearson.

Hughes, Arthur. 2003. Testing for Language Teacher. Cambridge University Press.

Michael, J. Wallace. 1981. Teaching Vocabulary, London: Biddles Ltd, Guilford and King’s Lynn.

Monica A. Frank. 2011. The Pillars of the Self-Concept: Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy

Nunan, David. 1991. Language Teaching Methodology, New Jersey: Prentice Hall International.

OIler, J. W. (Ed.) (2003). Issues in language testing research. Rowley, Mass: Newbury house.

Penny Ur. 1996. A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory . New York: Cambridge University Press.

Puri,Angki Candra A Correlation Study Between Students' Self-Efficacy and Their English Language Achievement

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (Eds.). (2002), Methodology in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Riggenbach, H., & Lazaraton, A. (1991). Promoting oral communication skills. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (2nd ed.) (pp. 125-136). Boston: Heinle & Heinle

Saville-Troike, Muriel. 2005. Introduction to Second Language Acquisition

Schunk, D. H. (1995). Self-efficacy, motivation, and performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 7(2), 112-137.

Wals. How Can Quality Questioning Transform Classrooms? Questioning to Advance Thinking, Learning, and Achievement.

Yule, George. 2006. The Study of Language –Third Edition,. New York: Cambrigde University Press.

Zainil, 2003. Language Teaching Method: universitas Negeri padang Press.

Zaenuri, A. 2001. English Vocabulary I, Revised Edition, Jakarta: unpublished.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Zulfia Siskawati

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by: